Present perfect tense form,uses,questions,negatives,and examples By Mr.Zaki Badr
|Present perfect tense form,uses,questions,negatives,and examples By Mr.Zaki Badr|
Present perfect form:
I,we,you and they + have + P.P
He, she ,and it + has + P.PP.P = Past participle
You have seen that movie many times.
Have you seen that movie many times?
You have not seen that movie many times.
Present perfect uses
We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important
I have seen that movie twenty times.
I think I have met him once before.
There have been many earthquakes in California.
People have traveled to the Moon.
People have not traveled to Mars.
Have you read the book yet?
Nobody has ever climbed that mountain.
A: Has there ever been a
war in the United States?
B: Yes, there has been a war in the United States.
TOPIC 1 Experience
You can use the Present Perfect to describe your experience.
I have been to
(This sentence means that you have had the experience of being in France. Maybe you have been there once, or several times.)
I have been to France three times.
(You can add the number of times at the end of the sentence.)
I have never been to
(This sentence means that you have not had the experience of going to France.)
A: Have you ever met him?
B: No, I have not met him.
TOPIC 2 Change Over Time
We often use the Present Perfect to talk about change that has happened over a period of time.
You have grown since the last time I saw you.
TOPIC 3 Accomplishments
We often use the Present Perfect to list the accomplishments of individuals and humanity. You cannot mention a specific time.
Man has walked on the Moon.
Our son has learned how to read
Use time expressions that show the time period is unfinished:
I’ve read six articles this week.( the week isn’t finished, and you are a head of time, for example, you might have read the six articles in the first 3 days of the week and now is the 4th day ;so the 7 days aren’t finished.)
Duration From the Past Until Now
we use the Present Perfect to show that something started in the past and has continued up until now. "For five minutes," "for two weeks," and "since Tuesday" are all durations which can be used with the Present Perfect.
I have had a cold for two weeks.
She has been in England for six months.
Mary has loved chocolate since she was a little girl.
The following time expressions are often used :
ever,never,before,up to now,still,so far.
It’s the longest I’ve ever had to write. (at any point before now)
To talk about a present situation which started in the past, usually with for/since
I’ve worked really hard for the last two weeks. (I’ve worked hard till now)
The following time expressions are often used: recently,just,already, and yet with negatives.